Musings on Gurmat Sangeet, or Gurbani Kirtan, Sikh Sacred Music

Sunday, May 27, 2007

In Search of Almast

In Search of ‘Almast’

London, Feb 22 , 2007
(Completed on May 15, 2007)

Of late, the Gurmat Sangeet Blog has been somewhat dormant. Much more so because of inertia rather than a dearth of ideas or topics! Somewhat paradoxically, as I travel less, I have been writing less often, whereas one would think that I should actually have more time to write!

In any event, I find myself on the road again, with many hours until my next flight at Heathrow. The familiar urge resurfaces and I open up my laptop…..

Over the years, I have caught fleeting glimpses of an apparently brilliant, but relatively unknown figure in the world of Gurmat Sangeet. His name is Gian Singh ‘Almast’. The name itself is intriguing! It hints at an irreverent, radical intoxication. Rebellion. Immersion. Gian Singh ‘Almast’’s personality however, remains tantalizingly obscure. He surfaces briefly when old school Kirtaniyas get together and reminisce about a bygone era, but by and large he remains very elusive!

During an intimate, sparsely attended Friday evening Diwan at the Milford Gurdwara Sahib in 2003, Bhai Gurmeet Singh Shant is singing. The Shabad is ‘Pati Tore Malini’. The Bandish, or melody, is not the well known composition in Raga Kafi, popularized by the late Bhai Bakshish Singh Ji, which Gurmeet Siingh Shant is known to sing. It is a dazzling, fluid, enrapturing melody in Raga Kalavati that I have never heard before.

During langar, I find myself asking Gurmeet Singh Shant about the beautiful composition. He tells me that it was a composition by Almast Ji. An outline begins to emerge! I ask Gurmeet Singh Shant to sing more compositions by Almast. In subsequent Diwans, Gurmeet Singh Shant obliges. Every composition is more beautiful than the previous one. The outline now has more definition and the essence of Gian Singh Almast’s art and the sheer magnitude of his talent slowly starts to become apparent.

I go back home and frantically search through my archive of recordings by Gurmeet Singh Shant, recorded during many meetings over the years. I discover many other gems that for sure, reflect the musical genius of Almast Ji.

Saturday morning in Milford. The Sangat is slowly trickling in to attend a lecture-demonstration by the very talented Sikh musician, Baldeep Singh. As we wait, Baldeep Singh plays a recording of a Shabad, sung in Darbari Kanada. The depth and emotion in the singing is astounding. To my ears, it is as beautiful as listening to Khansahib Abdul Wahid Khan, or the more contemporary Ulhas Kashalkar, sing Darbari. I am enraptured. I ask Baldeep Singh about the singer and learn that it is none other than S. Thakar Singh, the reclusive, mysterious son of Gian Singh Almast !

Raja Mrigendra Singh, scion of the house of Patiala is visiting Boston. He has just delivered a lecture during Baisakhi celebrations at the Millis Gurdwara; we are in my home, chatting about various aspects of Gurmat Sangeet, particularly Sikh musicians and Kirtaniyas. Raja Mrigendra Singh fondly speaks of the legendary Gajjja Singh Ji and his research into Gurmat Sangeet. When I ask about Almast, I am in for a bit of a shock. He is dismissed as inconsequential, an eccentric and quirky musician. I am puzzled, because this doesn’t at all square with the portrait of Almast that is starting to emerge. A few years later, when I sit down with Gyani Dyal Singh Ji to talk about Almast, I finally understand.

August 2004. The Sikh Youth Symposium has come to Boston. Among the many visitors is a family from Atlanta, very involved with Kirtan. Even with all the distractions that come with organizing the event, I vividly remember their teenage daughter singing some beautiful shabads and their son being very adept on the tabla.

In August 2005, we visit Atlanta for the finals of the Symposium. It is banquet night. The family is on stage. S. Paramjit Singh Sarin plays the Sitar, his daughter Soni Kaur, plays the Dilruuba, Gurpreet Singh excels on the tabla and all of them including Archana Kaur sing. I wonder if my ears are deceiving me. The composition, a Guldasta or Ragmala sounds very familiar. It is indeed by Gian Singh Almast !

(Here is the same Guldasta sung by Bhai Gurmit Singh Shant : :)

The Sarin family at the 2005 Sikh Youth Symposium in Atlanta

We congratulate S. Paramjit Singh and his family after the fine performance. We are told about the speed with which Soni Kaur has picked up the Dilruba, literally in a matter of months, which I treat at first as parental pride asserting itself ! The next day, the Sarins graciously host us. We sit together and share our passion about Gurmat Sangeet. We sing and share precious old compositions. We learn more about each other’s families and their interest in Gurmat Sangeet. During the conversation, I discover the secret of Soni Kaur’s almost magical progress on the Dilruba. Gian Singh Almast’s blood runs through her veins! The speed which she picked up the Dilruba is no surprise at all ! Her mother, Archana Kaur is the granddaughter of Gian Singh Almast!

Soni Kaur on the Dilruba; Atlanta 2005

It is 2006. Gyani Dyal Singh Ji is visiting with us in Boston. The Gurmat Sangeet Heritage Recordings project is in full swing. Bhai Kanwarpal Singh and his Jatha are also present to support and assist Gyani Ji. We spend many many hours, documenting Gurmat Sangeet compositions and gratefully drinking at the fountain of wealth of Gurmat Sangeet lore, that Gyani Ji is!

I finally strike gold in my quest for Gian Singh Almast. Gyani Ji is a contemporary of Gian Singh Almast’s son, S. Thakur Singh and has known Gian Singh well, as a young man. In his inimitable style, Gyani Ji holds forth talking freely and colorfully about the musical phenomenon that was Gian Singh Almast. Sometimes so colorfully that his words cannot be reproduced here!

The picture that emerges is of an unconventional, iconoclastic musical genius, with a penchant for showmanship and confidence in his musical prowess, almost bordering on arrogance. A larger than life personality with many appetites and the boldness to fully indulge in them. A composer, singer, instrumentalist and musician of incredible talent, the likes of whom has probably never been seen again in the Sikh Panth. A genius who lived life to the fullest and left the world, largely unsung.

His legacy, however, continues to live on. In his compositions, that are sung so beautifully by Gurmeet Singh Shant and Devinder Singh Shant. In the highly talented musicians among his descendants.

I cannot resist recounting a quick anecdote shared by Gyani Ji. The time: around 50 years ago. The young Dyal Singh is a Dilruba player at Sri Harmandir Sahib. He accompanies Bhai Samund Singh Ji and other legendary exponents of Gurmat Sangeet. It is evening. He sits in his room, lost in Riyaz, playing his Dilruba. His concentration is broken by a shadow that falls across his doorstep. He looks up. Sees the tall, imposing figure of an impossibly handsome man. Dressed rather dramatically in a long black, heavily embroidered Choga or cloak. Big Pagri on his head with a very elaborate fan or Turla. He stands in the doorway and listens to the young musician playing. The sound of a ‘Wah’ escapes his lips. It is none other than Gian Singh Almast! Later as he sits with Gyani Ji and they talk, he says: “Main kadey kisse @#&^%^&* nu vee Wah nahin kehnda !”

It is the last day of Gyani Dyal Singh Ji’s visit to Boston. We are in the middle of an impromptu, informal Kirtan Diwan at my home in Hopkinton. Gyani Ji has started by singing a mesmerizing Shabad in Shivranjani. Shivranjani is one of my least favorite Ragas, largely as a result of the abuse meted out to it in Hindi Film music, and popular music sung under the guise of Kirtan! But Gyaniji’s rendition in Shivranjani is truly beautiful.

For years, Gyani Ji has been threatening to sing a Thumri composed by S. Joginder Singh, the teacher of Gian Singh Almast. Today he is in his element. His eyes are twinkling as he finally gets ready to deliver.

The Thumri is breathtaking! It is a composition by S. Joginder Singh Ji in Veer Ras in praise of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib. “Danka Ki Dhamak Sunn” It is in Raga Hindol, set to Soolfak, if memory serves me correctly. The cadence of the composition is amazing. It can only be appreciated by listening to it. Every musician I have played it for, since, has been completely enraptured.

Gyani Dyal Singh Ji, Hopkinton 2006

There is more to come. Gyani Ji goes on to sing “Dhoom Pari Jagat Me Tumri”. Another Thumri in Raga Nayki Kanada, also in praise of Guru Gobind Singh Sahib. The words and the composition are by Gian Singh Almast.

Here at last..... is the ephemeral essence of the genius of Almast........


Blogger J S AURORA said...

Wonderful work by Gurmatsangeet

Though my comments are not particular to Subject of Almast ji.

Can our site be made more convenient for listening on line like the Ikirtan site so that one can select the desired number of shabads and enjoy listening un interupted/

June 27, 2007 at 9:09 PM

Blogger Unknown said...

Any ideas where i can the notations of Alamst Ji's compositions???

November 24, 2008 at 10:44 PM

Blogger Gurleen Kaur said...

Wah.. Wah.. what a captivity tapestry of encounters enroute to Almast..

February 24, 2009 at 5:15 PM

Blogger Gurleen Kaur said...

wah... wah.. what a captivating tapestry... Gurleen kaur

February 24, 2009 at 5:16 PM

Blogger shivkaur said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

July 12, 2009 at 11:22 PM

Blogger shivkaur said...

I am so wonderfully happy to read about Sr.Gian Singh Ji Almast and Sr.Thankur Singh Ji(my dada ji and taya ji)Grandfather and Uncle.Love you always.Great full to Gurmat Sangeet and to Sarabpreet Singh who could mention about them.And we are thankful to be born in their family.

July 12, 2009 at 11:24 PM

Blogger Sarbpreet Singh said...

Shiv Kaur Ji,

Gur Fateh !

Please email me at
I would very much like to be n touch

Gur Fateh !

Sarbpreet Singh

January 4, 2010 at 1:34 AM

Blogger Unknown said...

Darshan Singh Sohal of Southall UK is the leading student of Gian Singh Almast.

July 30, 2010 at 1:51 PM

Blogger Sarbpreet Singh said...

Harminder Singh Ji,

Please contact m at I would love to hear more about Bhai Darshan Singh Sohal Ji.

Gur Fateh !

Sarbpreet Singh

August 27, 2010 at 6:01 AM

Blogger JPS said...

Could someone please send me a picture of S. Thakur Singh jee. I have heard a few Shabad recordings of Thakur Singh jee and want to have darshan of this great personality.

September 8, 2010 at 12:14 AM

Blogger Singh said...

Gur Fathe,
I will be ever indebted to you for having written so passionately about Almast ji. In his recordings he comes across as liberal Sikh, so rare, so precious.

The two thumris that you mention to wards the end of the article,I couldn't fine them on the Gurmat Sangeet website. The link
is not working, may be things are have been moved.
Pls help me locate them
I look forward to your response
Gur Fateh
Sarbjit Singh

April 1, 2014 at 4:53 AM

Blogger Unknown said...

Dear Veerji,

sat shri akal,

main delhi to aap nu mail kar rahi ha. taki I found almast de jariye main koi sahi jankari prapat kar saka.

mere papa ji late sh. ujagar singh shant te mummy late smt. lajwant see. lagbhag 1980 tak bapu ji (almast ji-dada ji) sade kaul delhi aande rahe se ph lagbhag 1985ya usde aaspass unha de dehant de khabar aaye se kithe expire hoi nahi pata lagya.

Bapu ji de hor kehde relative hai sanu nahi pata, je aap nu unha de koi jankari hai to please mainu dasna de kripa karna.

my nake jasveer kaur

May 17, 2014 at 12:53 PM


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